Pure honey contains the natural sweet substance produced by honey bees from the nectar of plants or secretions of living parts of plants. Elements found in this multi-functional product of nature, are a complex of naturally flavored sugars as well as trace enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and amino acids. In Chitral, bee flora includes the blossoms of the Russian olive, Rubinia, Peach, Apple, Apricot, Lokot, Sunflower, Carulla, and Baseem/Shaftal. But the Russian olive and the Rubinia are renowned for the quality of the honey produced. The color and flavor of honey differ depending on the bees’ nectar source (the blossoms). Generally, light-colored honey is mild, while darker honey is stronger in flavor. 

In addition to being the perfect natural sweetener, honey has a large number of benefits that the entire subcontinent has been aware of for centuries. Honey is a natural throat soother and is used all over Pakistan for this purpose. A dash of black pepper on a spoonful of honey is believed to calm a cough. Honey’s distinctive blend of natural sweeteners enables it to provide quick energy after being consumed. Honey is given to children in Pakistan on a daily basis for good health and natural energy. Some Pakistani doctors have adopted the Western practice of not giving honey to children under one year of age. But in the subcontinent, the first thing given to a newborn infant is something called “Gutti”, or a tiny suckle of honey from an adult finger which is believed to clear the throat of a newborn. Honey is also used in beauty products as well as many more medicinal remedies in Pakistan.